Amazon Contextual Product Ads

Sunday, September 27, 2009

Cycling Training

Cycling training varies greatly across the disciplines. From the intense, anaerobically demanding speedway events to the ultra-endurance stage races, each cycling discipline requires a different training approach. Even within the same discipline, variations in distance will have a significant effect on a cyclist fitness regime.

*

This section of the website is dedicated to cycling training and conditioning in the following major disciplines:

*

-Road Racing
-Track Racing
-Mountain Biking
-BMX Racing
-Cycle Speedway
-Cyclo-Cross

*

Professional road cyclists posses exceptional endurance. While VO2max is not always a good predictor of performance in elite endurance athletes, studies have shown that aerobic power is high in this group of performers (1,2,3).

*

More accurate predictors of performance include lactate threshold, maximal lactate steady state and power output at lactate threshold. Lactate threshold has been shown to be as high as 90% of VO2max in professional cyclists (1, 4,5,6).

*

Peak power output can also be used to predict cycling performance (7,8) across the disciplines. For competitive road cyclists, anaerobic power is required for the mass start, hill climbing and a sprint finish. It may be even more important for off-road cyclists and is obviously a prerequisite for track racing. Traditionally, cycling coaches have prescribed increases in training volume to induce overload and adaptation. Yet it may be that a reduction in volume and integration of interval sprint training may be more beneficial. Not only has this shown to improve peak power output and capacity, it also increases VO2max to a greater extent compared to lower intensity, longer duration training (9,10).

*

This, along with other training strategies is examined in the articles below. You will find sample training sessions and programs for the various cycling disciplines, all drawing on current scientific research.

*

Interval Training for Sport-Specific Endurance Distance cyclists have traditionally favored long, slow distance training almost to the exclusion of all else. But substituting a small percentage of weekly mileage for more shorter, more intense interval sessions may improve performance...

*

VO2max - Your Aerobic Potential Endurance training and VO2 max seem to inextricably linked. While maximal oxygen uptake is certainly not the be all and end all of road cycling performance, understanding what it is and how it can be affected by training can help athletes better prepare themselves for competition...

*

Lactate Threshold - Tapping Your Aerobic Potential Perhaps more indicative of success in road cycling , an more trainable, is lactate threshold. Often a confusing subject for some coaches and athletes, from a practical point of view, improving lactate threshold is relatively straightforward...

*

How to Determine Your Anaerobic Threshold Here are some non-invasive tests used to determine an athlete's lactate threshold...

*

Lactate Threshold Training Training tips to improve anaerobic threshold...

*

Heart Rate Training for Endurance EventsHeart rate training, despite being erratic, is still popular with cyclists. Here's how heart rate can be best used to monitor the intensity of a cycling training program...

*

Altitude TrainingPerformance at high altitude can be improved through altitude training. But what effect does living and training high have on sea-level performance?

*

The Sport-Specific Approach to Strength Training ProgramsStrength training is suitable for all the cycling disciplines, even ultr distance road cyclists. But a strength training program must match the demands of the event it's designed for...

*

How To Design Resistance Training Programs For AthletesHere is the step-by-step process of developing a sport-specific strength training plan - one that meets the demanding nature of cycling...

*

Power Training for AthletesIt may be obvious that track and speedway cyclists must be powerful to be successful in their events, however, even distance cyclists require explosive power for mass starts, hill climbing and sprint finishes. So what are the best methods for improving explosive power?

*

Plyometric Training for Sport-Specific PowerPlyometrics is one very effective form of power training. Here are some important guidelines for setting up a plyometric program suitable for cycling...

*

Muscular Endurance TrainingWhile explosive power is key in the sprint events, muscular endurance is equally as important in distance events. However, for most long-distance psorts such as road cycling, lifting weights for sets of 20 repetitions is not the most effective approach...

*

Flexibility ExercisesFlexibility training is part and parcel of most athletes' conditioning program. Increased flexibility may reduce the risk of certain long-term injuries...

*

Self Myofascial Release ExercisesMany Exercise Scientists believe that enhancing recovery between training sessions is the key to winning. Myofascial release exercises are said to relieve and release trigger points in the muscle sheath that may compound leading to injury and sub-optimal performance...

*

The Wingate TestOne of the most reliable tests for anaerobic power and capacity...

*

http://www.sport-fitness-advisor.com/cycling-training.html

No comments: